Brief summary about Judaism - 1430 Words | Essay Example (2022)

Table of Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Historical Background
  3. Conclusion
  4. Works Cited
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Introduction

Judaism is the religious practices and beliefs and the way of life of the Jews. It began as a religious conviction of the diminutive nation of the Hebrews. The followers of the religion have through the thousands of years since its inception been persecuted, dispersed and faced intense suffering physically and psychologically (Lynch1).

Occasionally, the religion has experienced victory. It continues to have intense influence on culture and religion. In the world today, the religion has a following of more than 14 million people (Judaism1). They identify themselves as Jewish. Contemporary Judaism is a complex occurrence that involves both religion and a nation.

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Historical Background

The history is written in the Hebrew Bible (Old Testament). The first five books of the Bible describe the emergence of Jews. There is the description of the choice of God on Jews to be the living example for other humans to emulate.

The Hebrew Bible explains how the relationship between Jews and God worked. God chose Abraham be the father figure of a populace that would be unique to God. They would be a mark and symbol of holiness and good behavior to the entire world (BBC1). History asserts that the Jewish people were guided by God through many challenges and troubles.

During the time of Moses, God gave the Jewish people life guidelines that they should live with. These included the Ten Commandments. This was the period which the Judaism emerged as a structure religion. Under the guidance of God, the Jews turned into powerful communities with renowned kings such as Solomon, David and Saul (BBC 1).

The construction of the first great temple by Solomon made the Jews to focus the worship of God in the temple. The temple housed the Ark of the Covenant. It was the only place where rituals would be carried out. In 920 BCE, the Jewish kingdom disintegrated and the people tore into small groups. Many Jews were exiled into Babylon.

This was the beginning of the Jewish culture in the Diaspora. Majority of the Jews in exile opted not to return to Israel. The next 300 years that followed were marked by gradual and steady growth in Jewish strength and number. Their land was in the mean time being governed by foreign authorities. The teachers and scribes who emerged during this period helped the population to interpret and explain the Bible.

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The Jews from then were able to freely practice their faith. In 175 BCE, there was a Jewish revolt against the Syrian King who implemented a number of rules that sought to completely wipe out Judaism. He dishonored the temple and wanted the population to worship Zeus. The temple was eventually restored after the revolt which is celebrated by Jews in the Hanukah festival.

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The Romans took advantage of the weakening of the Jewish kingdom due to internal splitting up and established their rule. This was followed by years of oppression and taxation by Roman rules who despised Judaism. The Sadducees became allies of the Roman rulers subsequently loosing the support and faith of the Jews. The people opted to have Pharisees as their teachers (BBC1).

The Catholic encyclopedia suggests that Judaism was the original of a variety of religions including Islam and Christianity (Judaism 1). The Jewish people established settlements in Arabia before the birth of Mohammed. They commanded considerable influence on the Arabian citizenry. At one point in South Arabia, the Jews had an Arab-Jewish empire which was eventually terminated by a king of Abyssinia in 530.

The Jews lost the royal estate but remained considerably powerful in the northern Yemen. In Mecca, there was a small Jewish population. Mohammed interacted with the Jews and became acquitted with the religion. When he fled to Medina, the acquaintance became and more established as the location was populated by Arabian Jews.

Abraham was the first Jew according to religious Jews. He was the first to preach monotheism and despised idolatry. As a reward, he was promised to have many children by God. This promise fulfillment came in the form of Isaac. Isaac carried on Abraham’s work and inherited Canaan. Isaac’s son, Jacob, was sent to Egypt by God together with his children. They were eventually enslaved by Egyptians. Moses was subsequently sent to Egypt to redeem the Jews from slavery.

This period was tempting to Moses who eventually gave the Torah to the Jews. He managed to take the people to Israel after many years in the jungle. Torah is the Hebrew translation of instruction or teaching particularly law. It refers to the first five books of the Old Testament. On a larger scale, Torah is used by Jews to refer the broad range of commanding Jewish religious wisdom in history (Space and motion 1).

In view of the first five books of the Bible, many ideas and concepts are expressed in form of stories as opposed to being listed as laws. The book of Deuteronomy is reiteration of the previously mentioned laws in the first four books. Most of the laws that govern Judaism are got from textual clues because they are not mentioned straightforwardly in the Torah. The Torah is the fundamental document of the Jewish religion. In a principled framework, it is the basis of all the biblical commandments.

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The period covering 1000 CE saw Jews establish themselves in Spain. They co-existed happily with the Islamic rulers. They developed a thriving study of Hebrew literature, science and the Talmud. There was severally the attempt to convert all the Judaism followers to Islam.

When all this failed, the millennium that followed saw the increased operations of military by Christian states to recapture the holy land. In German, the Christian armies attacked Jewish communities. They succeeded in capturing Jerusalem where thousands were slaughtered and many other enslaved. The victims included Muslims and Jews. Jews were banned from entering the city just like Romans had previously done. In the meantime, the Jewish population was increasing in Britain. They enjoyed the protection by Henry I.

The Babylonian exile presented new ideas to Jews. It is during this period that the notions of particular angels arose. Evil was personified as Satan. The idea of resurrection from the dead emerged (Neusner2). Alexander the Great played a significant role in entrenching the idea of immortality of the soul.

The level of Hellenization brought about conflict within the Jewish community. The Maccabees revolted against the Syrian Seleucid rulers. There was extensive martyrdom that increased the momentum to the notion of collective resurrection of the deceased. The soul was perceived to be immortal. They formulated the belief that while the physical body awaited resurrection, the soul existed in another realm (Seltzer6).

Life conditions deteriorated and apocalyptic beliefs increased. Messianic kingdom and national catastrophe were considered imminent. As time passed, Rabbanic Jews completed the process of replacing the Temple with the Synagogue. The Rabbanical Judaism arose from the Pharasiac movement as a response to the destruction of the Second Temple (Smith 1).

This was in a move to codify and redact oral law. The Rabbis wanted to interpret the practices and concepts of Judaism in the absence of the Temple and the people being in exile. It dominated the Jewish religion close to 18 centuries. In the process, it developed the Midrash, the Talmud and the great icons of the medieval philosophies.

In 1492, Jews were expelled from Spain which led to Sephardic influence of South France, North Italy and the Levant. There was the Berber invasion and anti-Jewish incidents became common in Europe (BBC1). Jews had been forced to take up Christianity. However, they continued to secretly practice their religion. Eventually, majority emigrated and returned to the Jewish fold. The 18th century remained largely turbulent with hardening of the Jews as a reaction to philosophical liberalism and Sabbatianism.

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Conclusion

The first five books of the Bible describe the emergence of Jews. Under the guidance of God, the Jews turned into powerful communities with renowned kings such as Solomon, David and Saul. The emergence of Judaism in the Diaspora was as result of being exiled. Alexander the Great played a significant role in entrenching the idea of immortality of the soul.

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There was extensive martyrdom that increased the momentum to the notion of collective resurrection of the deceased.Contemporary Judaism was split by the law (halakal) in the 19th century. Orthodox Jews maintain the traditional practice while Reform Jews only uphold rituals that they believe will God-oriented, Jewish life.

The attempt to define the essence of Judaism is a process that has existed for ages. At anyone point, there is intense emphasis on one aspect of the three major concepts of the Jewish religion (God, Israel, Torah).

Works Cited

BBC. “Judaism at a glance”. Web.

Lynch, Damon. Judaism. There we sat down”. June. 1972. Web.

Smith, Huston. “Judaism: Religion facts”. Web.

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Seltzer, Robert. Jewish people, Jewish thought:the Jewish experience in history. London, UK: Macmillan, 1980.

Spaceandmotion. “Theology: Judaism.History and Main Beliefs of Jewish Religion / the Jews”. Web.

FAQs

What is the summary of Judaism? ›

Judaism, monotheistic religion developed among the ancient Hebrews. Judaism is characterized by a belief in one transcendent God who revealed himself to Abraham, Moses, and the Hebrew prophets and by a religious life in accordance with Scriptures and rabbinic traditions.

What are 10 facts about Judaism? ›

Top 10 Judaism Facts for Kids
  • The Jewish day of worship is known as Shabbat (or Sabbath). ...
  • At age 13, Jewish boys take part in a ceremony called a bar mitzvah. ...
  • Many Jewish people eat a kosher diet. ...
  • The six-pointed star called the 'Star of David' is a symbol of the Jewish people.
10 Feb 2022

What is the reflection of Judaism? ›

Judaism is based on the Torah, the Old Testament, the core of it being the Ten Commandments. And a second aim: To live in mutual respect among human beings who are created out of the goodness of his Almighty and therefore have to be loved and respected.

What are 5 major beliefs in Judaism? ›

A summary of what Jews believe about God
  • God exists.
  • There is only one God.
  • There are no other gods.
  • God can't be subdivided into different persons (unlike the Christian view of God)
  • Jews should worship only the one God.
  • God is Transcendent: ...
  • God doesn't have a body. ...
  • God created the universe without help.
14 Sept 2009

What have I understood about its teaching Judaism Brainly? ›

Judaism teaches that all people are made in the image of God and deserve to be treated with dignity and respect. The three main beliefs at the center of Judaism are Monotheism, Identity and covenant. The main teachings of Judaism about God are that there is a God and there is only one God an that god is Yahweh.

What is Judaism based on? ›

It is based on the belief that Moses received God's Torah in two forms; the Written Torah (Pentateuch) and an oral explanation, known as the Oral Torah, that Moses transmitted to the people.

What is the most important thing about Judaism? ›

The most important teaching and tenet of Judaism is that there is one God, incorporeal and eternal, who wants all people to do what is just and merciful. All people are created in the image of God and deserve to be treated with dignity and respect.

What are good things about Judaism? ›

Judaism lays great emphasis on the importance of a good moral life at every moment, for salvation is obtainable only through good deeds. Acts of charity, loving-kindness and righteousness, are the onward manifestations of an interior faith.

What is unique about the Judaism religion? ›

Jews were monotheists—they believed in and worshipped only one god. This stands out to historians because monotheism was relatively unique in the ancient world. Most ancient societies were polytheistic—they believed in and worshiped multiple gods.

What are Jews beliefs? ›

Jewish people believe there's only one God who has established a covenant—or special agreement—with them. Their God communicates to believers through prophets and rewards good deeds while also punishing evil. Most Jews (with the exception of a few groups) believe that their Messiah hasn't yet come—but will one day.

What is your reflection about the Ten Commandments? ›

The Relevance of the Commandments

The Ten Commandments are a mirror reflecting the glory of God. They are an exposition of His love. As redeemed people who bear His name in the world, God calls us to live lives of love that reflect who He is. And what that looks like is spelled out in the Ten Commandments.

What is reflection in Christianity? ›

Spiritual reflection for Christian believers is the process of thinking, pondering, or reflecting on biblical teachings, Scripture, and/or sermons. “I will meditate on your precepts and fix my eyes on your ways” (Psalm 119:15, ESV).

What is the most important teaching Judaism? ›

The most important teaching of Judaism is that there is one God, who wants people to do what is just and compassionate. Judaism teaches that a person serves God by learning the holy books and doing what they teach. These teachings include both ritual actions and ethical interpretative frameworks.

Who started Judaism? ›

Judaism
LanguageBiblical Hebrew Biblical Aramaic
FounderAbraham (traditional)
Origin1st millennium BCE 20th–18th century BCE (traditional) Judah Mesopotamia (traditional)
Separated fromYahwism
10 more rows

What is God in Judaism? ›

In modern articulations of traditional Judaism, God has been speculated to be the eternal, omnipotent, and omniscient creator of the universe, as well as the source for one's standards of morality, guiding humanity through ethical principles.

What have I understood about its teachings about Judaism? ›

The main teachings of Judaism are about God, that there is only one God and that god is Yahweh. Only God created the universe and only God controls it. Judaism also teaches that God is spiritual and not physical. Jews believe that God is one – a unity: God is one whole, complete being.

How did Judaism influence Christianity? ›

Jewish Christianity is the foundation of Early Christianity, which later developed into Christianity. Christianity started with Jewish eschatological expectations, and it developed into the worship of a deified Jesus after his earthly ministry, his crucifixion, and the post-crucifixion experiences of his followers.

What does Judaism say about the Holy Spirit? ›

In Judaism, the Holy Spirit (Hebrew: רוח הקודש, ruach ha-kodesh) refers to the divine force, quality, and influence of God over the universe or over God's creatures, in given contexts.

What is the importance of religious practice in Judaism? ›

Worship is also important to Jews because it brings the community together. Worship in the synagogue includes daily services, rites of passage and festivals. Worship at home includes prayers, Shabbat meals and study.

How did Judaism influence the world? ›

It was the first religion based on ethical monotheism. Judaism influenced the development of Christianity and Islam, and had a major influence on Western civilization - Christianity, the eventually dominant religious faith of the West, was in large part a child of the Hebrew religion.

What impact does Judaism have in the world? ›

Judaism marked the beginning of a revolutionary idea that laid the groundwork for social reform: humans have the ability and therefore the responsibility to stop injustices in the world. The Jews were the first to decide that it was their responsibility as the Chosen People to fight against inequality in the world.

When did the religion of Judaism begin? ›

Origins of Judaism
Judaism
FounderAbraham (traditional)
Origin1st millennium BCE 20th–18th century BCE (traditional) Judah Mesopotamia (traditional)
Separated fromYahwism
CongregationsJewish religious communities
14 more rows

When was Judaism founded? ›

Although Judaism as a religion first appears in Greek records during the Hellenistic period (323–31 BCE) and the earliest mention of Israel is inscribed on the Merneptah Stele around 1213–1203 BCE, religious literature tells the story of Israelites going back at least as far as c. 1500 BCE.

Where did the Jews come from? ›

Jews originated as an ethnic and religious group in the Middle East during the second millennium BCE, in a part of the Levant known as the Land of Israel.

How did the religion of Judaism spread? ›

Judaism is a monotheistic faith that developed among the Hebrew people and was first written down in the first millennium BCE. Never a large community, its ideas were highly influential for later belief systems and were spread over a large geographic region by a series of diasporae.

What is the summary of the Ten Commandments? ›

Ten Commandments, List of religious precepts sacred in Judaism and Christianity. They include injunctions to honour God, the Sabbath, and one's parents, as well as bans on idolatry, blasphemy, murder, adultery, theft, false witness, and covetousness.

Why are Ten Commandments important in our moral life? ›

Christians believe that because of his omnibenevolent nature, God gives human beings instructions on how to live a good life and get to Heaven after they die. According to Christian belief, the Ten Commandments are important rules from God that tell Christians how to live.

What is the purpose of the Ten Commandments in our life? ›

The Ten Commandments teach about respecting God, being honest, honoring our parents, keeping the Sabbath day holy, and being good neighbors. These rules are as important today as they were thousands of years ago.

Why is reflection important in religion? ›

Reflecting on your mistakes and confessing them makes you less likely to repeat them, turning them into valuable learning tools and not something to feel shame or guilt over. Once forgiven, we can realize that “He has removed our sins as far from us as the east is from the west.” (Ps.

Why spirituality is important in one's life? ›

You may feel a higher sense of purpose, peace, hope, and meaning. You may experience better confidence, self-esteem, and self-control. It can help you make sense of your experiences in life. When unwell, it can help you feel inner strength and result in faster recovery.

How do you experience and express spirituality in your life? ›

Here are six practices you can incorporate into your life every day, which will help you to live more spiritually:
  1. Meditation. Try to begin each day with meditation, even if it's only for a minute. ...
  2. Spiritual Reading. ...
  3. Practice Gratitude. ...
  4. Spend Time In Nature. ...
  5. Be Open To Signs From The Universe. ...
  6. Mindful Breathing.
19 Nov 2014

What is the holy text of Judaism? ›

Sacred texts: Judaism

The Hebrew Bible contains the Torah, or Five Books of Moses, the Nevi'im comprising the books of the Prophets, and the Ketuvium, or additional writings. Originally the Bible was copied onto scrolls, but from about the 7th century the text was also copied into books.

What was the first religion? ›

Hinduism is the world's oldest religion, according to many scholars, with roots and customs dating back more than 4,000 years. Today, with about 900 million followers, Hinduism is the third-largest religion behind Christianity and Islam. Roughly 95 percent of the world's Hindus live in India.

What is 777 in the Bible? ›

Christianity. According to the American publication, the Orthodox Study Bible, 777 represents the threefold perfection of the Trinity. The number 777, as triple 7, can be contrasted against triple 6, for the Number of the Beast as 666 (rather than variant 616).

What is the real name of God? ›

Yahweh, name for the God of the Israelites, representing the biblical pronunciation of “YHWH,” the Hebrew name revealed to Moses in the book of Exodus. The name YHWH, consisting of the sequence of consonants Yod, Heh, Waw, and Heh, is known as the tetragrammaton.

Can Jews eat pork? ›

Jews don't eat pork, and have a lot of dietary and health laws. ], shellfish and other foods that the Bible labels unclean. It's also against Islam and Judaism that pig is not allowed.

What is the most important teaching Judaism? ›

The most important teaching of Judaism is that there is one God, who wants people to do what is just and compassionate. Judaism teaches that a person serves God by learning the holy books and doing what they teach. These teachings include both ritual actions and ethical interpretative frameworks.

What are the rules of Judaism? ›

THE 613 MITZVOT
  • To know there is a God. (Exodus 20:2)
  • To have not other gods. (Exodus 20:3)
  • To know that He is one. (Deuteronomy 6:4)
  • To love Him. (Deuteronomy 6:5)
  • To fear Him. (Deuteronomy 10:20)
  • To sanctify His Name. ...
  • Not to profane His Name. ...
  • To worship Him as He has ordered and not destroy holy objects.

What are Judaism practices? ›

One of the key mitzvah is worship, which is a duty as part of the covenant with God. Worship is also important to Jews because it brings the community together. Worship in the synagogue includes daily services, rites of passage and festivals. Worship at home includes prayers, Shabbat meals and study.

What God does Judaism worship? ›

God in Judaism has been conceived in a variety of ways. Traditionally, Judaism holds that Yahweh, the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob and the national god of the Israelites, delivered the Israelites from slavery in Egypt, and gave them the Law of Moses at Mount Sinai as described in the Torah.

Why is Judaism so important? ›

Judaism is the world's oldest monotheistic religion, dating back nearly 4,000 years. Followers of Judaism believe in one God who revealed himself through ancient prophets. The history of Judaism is essential to understanding the Jewish faith, which has a rich heritage of law, culture and tradition.

Who founded Judaism? ›

Judaism
LanguageBiblical Hebrew Biblical Aramaic
FounderAbraham (traditional)
Origin1st millennium BCE 20th–18th century BCE (traditional) Judah Mesopotamia (traditional)
Separated fromYahwism
10 more rows

How was Judaism different from other religions? ›

Jews were monotheists—they believed in and worshipped only one god. This stands out to historians because monotheism was relatively unique in the ancient world. Most ancient societies were polytheistic—they believed in and worshiped multiple gods.

What are the types of Judaism? ›

A new Pew Research Center survey finds that nearly all Israeli Jews self-identify with one of four subgroups: Haredi (“ultra-Orthodox”), Dati (“religious”), Masorti (“traditional”) and Hiloni (“secular”).

Why are the 10 commandments important to Judaism? ›

Jews believe they are God's chosen people and that they must set an example of right behaviour to the world. Everything they do is based on the Ten Commandments, also known as the Ten Sayings. Jews believe that God gave the Ten Commandments to Moses on two tablets of stone at Mount Sinai.

What are the leaders of Judaism called? ›

Rabbi: Means “teacher.” Many Rabbis are employed by a synagogue's congregation to lead worship and provide spiritual guidance. In Liberal Jewish Congregations, the Rabbi may be female. Rebbe: Spiritual and religious leader of a Chasidic community who governs the entire community and junior Rabbis.

When did the religion of Judaism begin? ›

Origins of Judaism
Judaism
FounderAbraham (traditional)
Origin1st millennium BCE 20th–18th century BCE (traditional) Judah Mesopotamia (traditional)
Separated fromYahwism
CongregationsJewish religious communities
14 more rows

When was Judaism created? ›

Judaism is one of the oldest monotheistic religions and was founded over 3500 years ago in the Middle East.

What are the three main practices of Judaism? ›

The main three branches of Judaism are Orthodox, Conservative and Reform, and within these branches several substrates exist. Since Judaism was first practised over 3,500 years ago, many differing traditions have developed over time, forming several more branches of Judaism.

What is the meaning Judaism? ›

Definition of Judaism

1 : a religion developed among the ancient Hebrews and characterized by belief in one transcendent God who has revealed himself to Abraham, Moses, and the Hebrew prophets and by a religious life in accordance with Scriptures and rabbinic traditions.

Can Jews eat pork? ›

Jews don't eat pork, and have a lot of dietary and health laws. ], shellfish and other foods that the Bible labels unclean. It's also against Islam and Judaism that pig is not allowed.

Do Jews pray God? ›

Jews are supposed to pray three times a day; morning, afternoon, and evening. The Jewish prayer book (it's called a siddur) has special services set down for this. Praying regularly enables a person to get better at building their relationship with God.

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