Different Types of Therapy: Choosing the Right Treatment (2023)

Different Types of Therapy: Choosing the Right Treatment (1)The importance of mental health is becoming a widely accepted aspect of human development and wellbeing.

According to the National Association of Mental Illness (2021), 20.6% of US adults experienced mental health issues in 2019. Also in 2019, 19.2% of adults in the United States received some form of mental health treatment (Terlizzi & Zablotsky, 2020).

While there is no “one size fits all” treatment for improving mental health and wellbeing, there is a plethora of options available.

Choosing the right one can seem overwhelming and tedious. A helpful place to start is understanding the basic approaches and treatments available and how well they fit an individual’s unique needs. So, let’s start by looking at the basics.

Before you continue, we thought you might like to download our three Positive Psychology Exercises for free. These science-based exercises explore fundamental aspects of positive psychology, including strengths, values, and self-compassion, and will give you the tools to enhance the wellbeing of your clients, students, or employees.

This Article Contains:

  • What Are the Different Therapy Modalities?
  • 4 Popular Types of Psychotherapy
  • 4 Group Therapy Modalities
  • Treating Depression and Anxiety
  • Types of Behavioral Therapy
  • 4 Types for Couples Therapy
  • For Treating Trauma
  • A Look at Children’s Therapy
  • How to Choose the Right Treatment
  • A Take-Home Message
  • References

What Are the Different Therapy Modalities?

Different types of therapy use a variety of modalities to treat clients. Modalities are essentially the tools a therapist or coach uses to help individuals reach their goals. The theoretical framework or approach often determines which modalities are appropriate.

For example, psychoanalytic therapy will use talk therapy, dream work, and catharsis techniques. Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) will use mindfulness and psychoeducation.

Other types of modalities include somatic experiences, art therapy, play therapy, drama therapy, family therapy, yoga therapy, sand-tray therapy, and imago therapy just to name a few.

The most popular types of psychotherapy might use a variety of these modalities throughout the treatment process.

4 Popular Types of Psychotherapy

Different Types of Therapy: Choosing the Right Treatment (2)There are many different approaches to psychotherapy, but four of the most popular include the following:

1. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is an evidence-based treatment founded on the premise that our thoughts control our emotions and behavior (National Institute of Mental Health, 2021).

(Video) Best types of therapy just for you!

It is a short-term, goal-oriented therapy that examines the link between thoughts, emotions, and behavior. In CBT sessions, clients will learn how to recognize cognitive distortions or “thinking traps,” such as all-or-nothing thinking, catastrophizing, and making faulty assumptions.

Once the negative thought pattern is identified, clients practice more rational and positive ways to view situations and experiences. Most CBT practitioners include a homework component so that clients can practice identifying and changing thoughts in real-life personal situations.

2. Dialectical Behavior Therapy

Dialectical Behavior Therapy is a form of CBT that aims to give people skills to regulate emotions, improve relationships, handle stress, and live mindfully.

It was originally created to treat people with borderline personality disorder, but it is now used to help people with a wide range of mental conditions (McKay, Wood, & Brantley, 2019). DBT teaches clients that our experiences are real, but radical acceptance, distress tolerance skills, and mindfulness can help us handle negative feelings, conflict, and impulsive tendencies.

DBT usually also has a homework component and can be done in individual or group sessions.

3. Psychodynamic Therapy

Psychodynamic Therapy is one of the oldest approaches to therapy and emphasizes how past and present life events and relationships affect current feelings, relationships, and choices.

The goal is to help clients acknowledge and understand negative feelings, repressed emotions, and resolve internal psychological conflicts.

It is a popular treatment for people with depression and works to uncover memories, experiences, and dreams that helped to shape the client’s life and relationships.

4. Humanistic/Experiential Therapy

Humanistic/Experiential Therapy focuses on an individual’s nature rather than the collection of behaviors that make up a psychological category. It involves a holistic approach to emphasize the whole person and their ability to grow, heal, and find self-actualization through self-exploration.

This approach includes two popular techniques/modalities:

  1. Gestalt Therapy helps clients focus on “here and now” feelings and experiences rather than root causes. This approach uses experiential techniques like role-play, physical movement, and reenacting events to arouse emotions and understand how they happen.
  2. Person-Centered Therapy is based on the idea that individuals are capable of deciding what they want to explore and how they want to do it. For this reason, it is also known as a non-directive approach, where a therapist provides a supportive environment to investigate identity, feelings, experiences, and emotions to encourage growth and self-realization.

4 Group Therapy Modalities

Group therapy provides a great opportunity for people experiencing similar issues to join together to resolve them. Some of these issues may include relationship problems, medical issues, depression, anxiety, anger, trauma, addiction, and life transitions.

Group therapy can be defined as a meeting of two or more people with a common therapeutic purpose or to achieve a common goal (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, 1999). There are a few different approaches or modalities that group formats can use:

  1. Process-sensitive groups are directed by analytical theory. This format examines the unconscious processes of the group as a whole and helps individuals see themselves more clearly. The group as a whole views healing as an extension of the individuals within the group.
  2. A directive approach provides structured goals and therapist-directed interventions that help individuals change in desired ways. It is commonly used by alcohol and drug counselors.
  3. Heterogeneous groups include members who have a variety of diagnoses or mental health issues. The diverse make-up creates more complexity and provides opportunities for a range of relationships, which can benefit group members.
  4. Homogeneous groups, on the other hand, include group members with similar issues, goals, and backgrounds. These groups create a sense of cohesion and safety much more quickly, which may be useful in time-limited group interventions.

No matter what modality a group format takes, group therapy can be conducted within the context of nearly any theoretical framework that individual therapy can (Center for Substance Abuse Treatment, 1999).

It is important for the group leader or therapist to use the framework and modality most appropriate for group members’ needs and goals.

Treating Depression and Anxiety

Different Types of Therapy: Choosing the Right Treatment (3)Anxiety disorders are the most common mental health issue in the United States, affecting 40 million adults (18.1% of the population) each year (Anxiety and Depression Association of America, n.d.).

Many people with anxiety also seek treatment for depression, and nearly half of individuals with depression are also diagnosed with anxiety (Anxiety and Depression Association of America, n.d.).

(Video) Which TYPE of Therapy is Right?

As the statistics show, anxiety and depression are intricately connected. Depression is often triggered by a heightened state of anxiety, which leads to feelings of hopelessness and overwhelm, which creates more anxiety and stress – and the cycle continues.

One of the most effective methods of treating both anxiety and depression is Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy. Our patterns of thought can change through neuroplasticity and the power of cognition (Schwartz & Begley, 2003). Neuroplasticity is essentially the ability of the brain to change, influencing our feelings, moods, actions, and the way we live.

Behavioral activation is another method of treating anxiety and depression (Pittman & Karle, 2015). Behavioral activation includes things like exercise, yoga, talking to friends, and taking part in self-care activities.

Some individuals with depression and/or anxiety may be unmotivated or afraid to participate in activities that are good for them. By forcing themselves to take action, clients may feel better physically and mentally and can break the cycle.

Exposure therapy is an evidence-based approach for treating anxiety that exposes clients to situations or objects that trigger anxiety or fear (Pittman & Karle, 2015). Through repeated exposure, clients can feel an increased sense of control.

Systematic desensitization is part of exposure therapy. It is a step-by-step approach to challenge fears gradually through exposure. This helps clients build confidence slowly and master skills for controlling panic. It involves learning relaxation skills, creating a list of scary situations, and working through steps.

While anxiety and depression are two of the most common mental health issues, many forms of psychotherapy have demonstrated efficacy in alleviating symptoms. Behavioral therapy includes some of the most effective treatments for anxiety and depression.

Types of Behavioral Therapy

Behavioral therapy focuses on the role of learning in developing both normal and abnormal behaviors. It is a term used to describe a range of techniques that reinforce desirable behaviors and eliminate unwanted ones (Staddon & Cerutti, 2003). The premise is that if old learning led to the development of a problem, new learning can fix it.

CBT, DBT, and exposure therapy are all types of behavioral therapy. Another is applied behavior analysis, which uses operant conditioning to shape and modify problematic behaviors.

Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy is similar to CBT in that it helps clients identify negative or destructive thoughts and emotions. They can then actively challenge thoughts and replace them with more rational and realistic ones.

Social learning theory focuses on how people learn through observation. It is based on the idea that behavior change can occur through watching others being rewarded or punished.

4 Types for Couples Therapy

Different Types of Therapy: Choosing the Right Treatment (4)Couples therapy offers a powerful tool for increasing intimacy, improving communication, and building trust.

There are many types of couples counseling to choose from depending on individual preferences and relationship goals (Bonior, 2017).

  1. The Gottman method is a research-backed approach to therapy that focuses on shared relationship histories, exploring areas of disagreement, identifying various triggers, discovering shared values, and learning tools to help manage conflict (Gottman Institute, n.d.).

The Gottman method hones in on the “four horsemen” that destroys relationships: criticism, contempt, defensiveness, and stonewalling.

  1. Discernment counseling was developed for conflicted couples where one partner wants to save the relationship and one wants to end it.

It is a short-term approach designed to bring clarity to both partners by considering all options and making an ultimate decision on the fate of the relationship.

  1. Emotion-focused therapy is another well-researched and tested form of couples therapy.

In this type of counseling, each partner will share specific problems in the relationship and work to identify, explore, and make sense of underlying emotions that contribute to the problem. By addressing more vulnerable emotions, partners can access deeper emotions and find connection.

(Video) How Does My Doctor Choose the Right Treatment for Me?

  1. Imago relationship therapy sees a couple’s issues as a result of unmet childhood needs and unhealed wounds.

These become sensitivities, conflicts, or pain points. The three-step process involves mirroring, validating concerns, and expressing empathy.

Each of these forms of couples therapy has scientific evidence to support its efficacy for improving relationships.

For Treating Trauma

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) tends to be a chronic condition associated with debilitating physical illness such as heart disease, type II diabetes, gastrointestinal disorders, premature aging, and a greater likelihood of mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders (Goldstein et al., 2016).

The American Psychological Association recommends the use of evidence-based treatments for PTSD. These treatments include Cognitive Processing Therapy, Trauma-Focused Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT), Stress Inoculation Training, and Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Therapy (EMDR).

Cognitive Processing Therapy

Cognitive Processing Therapy is an exposure-based form of CBT that uses 12 sessions to treat clients with rape-related PTSD and veterans and military personnel (Resick & Schnicke, 1992).

The exposure component of therapy is a written account of the trauma. Most of therapy is spent analyzing the meaning of the traumatic event and training the client to challenge distorted beliefs about the event, themselves, and the world using Socratic questioning.

Trauma-Focused Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy

TF-CBT is a component-based hybrid approach of trauma-sensitive interventions; cognitive-behavioral principles; and attachment, family, empowerment, and humanistic theoretical models.

It includes 12–18 sessions that address traumatic events and resolve PTSD symptoms, and it has been shown to be particularly helpful for children and adolescents (Cohen, Mannarino, & Deblinger, 2006).

Stress Inoculation Training

Stress Inoculation Training was developed to reduce anxiety and manage stress while learning relaxation and coping skills (Meichenbaum, 1985). As an instructional coping skill approach, it also facilitates new adaptive responses to trauma-related stimuli using muscle relaxation, breath control, role-play, thought stopping, and guided self-dialogue.

Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Therapy

EMDR emphasizes the brain’s role in information processing and has been the subject of extensive research (Shapiro, 2017).

It conceptualizes insufficiently processed memories of trauma. The practitioner directs the client to move their eyes from side to side simultaneously (or practice another form of repetitive behavior) to desensitize the traumatic memory and reprocess it to something more adaptive.

A Look at Children’s Therapy

Different Types of Therapy: Choosing the Right Treatment (5)Age is an important factor to consider when selecting the best therapeutic options.

Play therapy may be an appropriate choice for children ages 4–12. It is a form of treatment that helps children and families express emotions, improve communication, and solve problems (Cohen et al., 2006).

It may include specific activities such as drawing family scenes, using puppets to act out events, creating scenes in a sand tray (sand-tray therapy), or playing therapeutic board games. Research has shown that play therapy can buffer the effects of trauma and loss, reduce anxiety and depression, help with behavioral issues, and improve a child’s ability to manage social and academic difficulties (Cohen et al., 2006).

Also read our article on Therapy for Kids and Choosing the Right Child Therapist.

How to Choose the Right Treatment

Choosing the right form of therapy can seem like an overwhelming and daunting task. The most important thing to consider is how well the type of treatment meets individual goals and preferences.

(Video) Psychodynamic, Humanistic, Cognitive and Behavioral Therapy (Approaches to Therapy)

Identifying specific client goals is the first step. This motivation and goal-setting worksheet is a great place to start.

Clarifying specific goals and motivation for therapy can lead clients to the most appropriate treatment modalities.

For example, if an individual wants to decrease their levels of anxiety or get rid of a phobia, looking for a therapist who specializes in exposure therapy and anxiety disorders would be a good place to start.

If a couple is torn between staying together and splitting up, a couples therapy approach of discernment counseling might be the best option.

These questions and goals are ideal after considering practical issues such as whether insurance will cover mental health costs, what is affordable, and what services are offered in the client’s geographical area. A doctor or professional in the field may be able to provide specific referrals.

A Take-Home Message

Once goals and practical therapy options are identified, many therapists and coaches will offer a free consultation or more information before scheduling an appointment.

During this time, potential clients can ask questions and gain a better understanding of therapist fit, length of expected treatment, and specific techniques that will be used.

Therapy and mental health treatment should be a safe, systematic, gradual process to reaching wellness goals (Mental Health America, n.d.).

With the prevalence of mental health issues across the globe and the increased acceptance and availability of online counseling services, people have a lot of choices.

Making informed and calculated decisions regarding therapy can mean the difference between suffering and flourishing.

And everyone deserves the chance to live their best life.

We hope you enjoyed reading this article. Don’t forget to download our three Positive Psychology Exercises for free.


  • Anxiety and Depression Association of America. (n.d.). Facts and statistics. Retrieved June 10, 2021, from https://adaa.org/understanding-anxiety/facts-statistics
  • Bonior, A. (2017). Should you go to couples therapy? Psychology Today. Retrieved June 13, 2021, from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/friendship-20/201709/should-you-go-couples-therapy
  • Center for Substance Abuse Treatment. (1999). Time limited group therapy. In Treatment improvement protocol (TIP) series (no. 34). Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Retrieved June 1, 2021, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK64936/
  • Cohen, J. A., Mannarino, A. P., & Deblinger, E. (2006). Treating trauma and traumatic grief in children and adolescents. Guilford Press.
  • Goldstein, R. B., Smith, S. M., Chou, S. P., Saha, T. D., Jung, J., Zhang, H., & Grant, B. F. (2016). The epidemiology of DSM-5 posttraumatic stress disorder in the United States: Results from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions-III. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 51, 1137–1148.
  • Gottman Institute. (n.d.). The four horsemen. Retrieved June 20, 2021, from https://www.gottman.com/blog/category/column/the-four-horsemen/
  • McKay, M., Wood, J., & Brantley, J. (2019). The Dialectical Behavior Therapy skills workbook (2nd ed.). New Harbinger.
  • Meichenbaum, D. (1985). Stress inoculation training. Pergamon Press.
  • Mental Health America. (n.d.). Finding help: When to get it and where to go. Retrieved June 27, 2021, from https://www.mhanational.org/finding-help-when-get-it-and-where-go
  • National Association of Mental Illness. (2021). Mental health by the numbers. Retrieved June 1, 2021, from https://nami.org/mhstats
  • National Institute of Mental Health. (2021). Psychotherapies. Retrieved June 11, 2021, from https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/psychotherapies/
  • Pittman, C. M., & Karle, E. M. (2015). Rewire your anxious brain. New Harbinger.
  • Resick, P. A., & Schnicke, M. K. (1992). Cognitive processing therapy for sexual assault victims. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60, 748–756.
  • Schwartz, J. M., & Begley, S. (2003). The mind and the brain: Neuroplasticity and the power of mental force. Harper Collins.
  • Shapiro, F. (2017). Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing: Basic principles, protocols and procedures (2nd ed.). Guilford Press.
  • Staddon, J., & Cerutti, D. (2003). Operant conditioning. Annual Review of Psychology, 54(1), 115–144.
  • Terlizzi, E. P., & Zablotsky, B. (2020, September). Mental health treatment among adults: United States 2019. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved June 20, 2021, from https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/databriefs/db380.htm
(Video) Dr. Harry Barry: Choosing the Right Therapy for Anxiety and Depression


What are the 5 types of therapy? ›

Approaches to psychotherapy fall into five broad categories:
  • Psychoanalysis and psychodynamic therapies. ...
  • Behavior therapy. ...
  • Cognitive therapy. ...
  • Humanistic therapy. ...
  • Integrative or holistic therapy.

What type of therapy is the most beneficial? ›

Psychotherapy, also known as talk therapy, can help those with mental disorders or emotional difficulties. It can lessen symptoms and help individuals function better in their everyday lives. This kind of therapy is often used in combination with medication or other therapies.

What are all the different therapies? ›

This article will provide an overview of the different types of therapy available.
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy. ...
  • Dialectical behavior therapy. ...
  • Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing therapy. ...
  • Exposure therapy. ...
  • Interpersonal therapy. ...
  • Mentalization-based therapy. ...
  • Psychodynamic therapy. ...
  • Animal-assisted therapy.
29 Jun 2020

What are the 4 goals of therapy? ›

Goal Setting in Therapy
  • Changing Behaviors.
  • Establishing and Maintaining Relationships.
  • Enhancing Your Ability to Cope.
  • Facilitating Decision-Making.
  • Development.
21 Dec 2020

What makes therapy most effective? ›

To be most effective therapy should recognize and enhance the client's contribution to treatment outcome and be individualized according to outcome-relevant client characteristics.

What is the most important factor for successful therapy? ›

The most significant factor contributing to positive results in therapy has been found to be the aforementioned good relationship between therapist and client.

Which type of therapy is most commonly used? ›

The most common type of therapy right now may be cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). As mentioned above, CBT explores the relationship between a person’s feelings, thoughts, and behaviors. It often focuses on identifying negative thoughts and replacing them with healthier ones.

What is the best approach to therapy? ›

Psychodynamic Counseling is probably the most well-known counseling approach. Rooted in Freudian theory, this type of counseling involves building strong therapist–client alliances. The goal is to aid clients in developing the psychological tools needed to deal with complicated feelings and situations.

What are 5 principles of treatment planning? ›

Principles of treatment planning
  • Overview.
  • Principles.
  • Multidisciplinary teams.
  • Evidence based approaches.
  • Specific populations.
  • References.

What are the three types of treatment? ›

Types of Treatment Methods
  • Targeted Therapies: A targeted therapy is designed to treat only the cancer cells and minimize damage to normal, healthy cells. ...
  • Chemotherapy: ...
  • Surgery: ...
  • Radiation Therapies: ...
  • Biological Therapy: ...
  • Hormonal Therapy:

What are 3 factors considered to successful treatment? ›

The first is the use of evidence-based treatment that is deemed appropriate for your particular issue. The second important factor is the clinical expertise of the psychologist or therapist. The third factor is your own characteristics, values, preferences, and culture.

How many types of treatment are there? ›

Theoretically, there are three classifications of medical treatment: Curative – to cure a patient of an illness. Palliative – to relieve symptoms from an illness. Preventative – to avoid the onset of an illness.

What are 3 different kinds of treatment for mental health? ›

They include:
  • Psychotherapy or counseling. This also is called talk therapy. ...
  • Prescription medicine. ...
  • Support groups. ...
  • Other therapies. ...
  • ECT or other brain stimulation therapy. ...
  • Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy. ...
  • Hospital or residential treatment program.
7 Feb 2018

What are the 3 steps of the therapy process? ›

The first stage, exploration, involves helping the client examine his or her thoughts and feelings. The second stage, insight, helps clients understand the reasons for these thoughts and feelings. The third stage, action, involves the client making changes.

What is a therapist main goal? ›

The five most common goals of counseling include: Facilitating behavioral change. Helping improve the client's ability to both establish and maintain relationships. Helping enhance the client's effectiveness and their ability to cope.

What is the full meaning of therapy? ›

Therapy is the treatment of mental or physical illness without the use of drugs or operations.

What makes therapy helpful? ›

Working with a psychologist, therapist, or counselor in a therapeutic relationship gives you an opportunity to explore your thoughts, feelings, and patterns of behavior. It can also help you learn new coping skills and techniques to better manage daily stressors and symptoms associated with your diagnosis.

How does therapy actually help? ›

Psychotherapy helps people understand that they can do something to improve their situation. That leads to changes that enhance healthy behavior, whether it's improving relationships, expressing emotions better, doing better at work or school, or thinking more positively.

What factors contribute to the success of therapy? ›

There are many factors within the counseling process that may contribute towards success including:
  • Understanding of client and counselor roles.
  • Bonding between client and counselor.
  • Open listening.
  • Unconditional acceptance.
  • Exploration of problems.
  • Insights and awareness of issues.
  • Periods of reflection and inner thought.

What is the most important element of outcome in therapy? ›

However, research over the past fifty years has demonstrated that one factor — more than any other — is associated with successful treatment: the quality of the relationship between the therapist and the patient.

What personal factors are important to consider when choosing a therapist to work with? ›

When deciding on a therapist, there are many factors that go into finding the best fit, including specialty, personality, cost, and scheduling.
  • Personality Fit. ...
  • Licensing, Certifications, & Education. ...
  • Specialty. ...
  • Cost & Insurance Coverage. ...
  • Scheduling. ...
  • Online vs. ...
  • Specific Life Stages or Cultural Backgrounds.

Which therapy is best in psychology? ›

Psychoanalytic Therapy

This type of therapy may be the best fit for those who have undergone therapy for a long time and want to go deeper to understand the unconscious origin of the thoughts that affect their actions.

How do I know if therapy is right for me? ›

The American Psychological Association suggests you consider a time to see a therapist when something causes distress and interferes with some part of life, particularly when: Thinking about or coping with the issue takes up at least an hour each day. The issue causes embarrassment or makes you want to avoid others.

What strategies do therapists use? ›

Relationship-Building Techniques
  • Reflection. Reflection is one way that therapists communicate accurate empathy to their clients. ...
  • Paraphrasing. ...
  • Minimal Encourages. ...
  • Summarization. ...
  • Encouragement. ...
  • Cognitive Techniques. ...
  • Behavioral Techniques. ...
  • Experiential Techniques.

What is Choice Reality therapy? ›

Reality therapy is a form of counseling that views behaviors as choices. It states that psychological symptoms occur not because of a mental health condition, but due to people choosing behaviors to fulfill their needs.

What is the most important component of a treatment plan? ›

Progress and outcomes: Documenting progress toward goals is considered to be one of the most important aspects of a mental health treatment plan. Progress and outcomes of the work are typically documented under each goal.

What are some examples of treatment goals? ›

Treatment Plan Goals and Objectives

Examples of goals include: The patient will learn to cope with negative feelings without using substances. The patient will learn how to build positive communication skills. The patient will learn how to express anger towards their spouse in a healthy way.

What are the two main principles of treatment? ›

What are the principles of treatment? The principles of treatment are to reduce the effect and kill the cause of the diseases.

What is an example of treatment? ›

Examples of treatment in a Sentence

We want to ensure equal treatment for everyone. The law requires humane treatment of prisoners. It's a complicated issue that requires careful treatment. The book's treatment of this important issue is unimpressive.

What are the four levels of treatment? ›

Level I: Outpatient treatment. Level II: Intensive outpatient/partial hospitalization treatment (subdivided into levels 2.1 and 2.5) Level III: Residential/inpatient treatment (subdivided into levels 3.1, 3.3, 3.5, and 3.7) Level IV: Medically managed intensive inpatient treatment.

What should you consider in a treatment plan? ›

A treatment plan will include the patient or client's personal information, the diagnosis (or diagnoses, as is often the case with mental illness), a general outline of the treatment prescribed, and space to measure outcomes as the client progresses through treatment.

How do you have a successful therapy session? ›

12 Therapy Tips For Getting the Most Out of Sessions
  1. Take Care of Business First. ...
  2. Bring ALL Your Emotions. ...
  3. Stay Focused on YOU. ...
  4. Find the Right Therapist. ...
  5. Try to Connect With Your Therapist. ...
  6. Do Routine Check-Ins. ...
  7. Don't Stay in a Bad Relationship. ...
  8. Look For Themes and Patterns.
16 Jun 2020

What types of treatments decide? ›

The category to which a disease-causing organism belongs decides the type of treatment.

What does treatment include? ›

A treatment is something that health care providers do for their patients to control a health problem, lessen its symptoms, or clear it up. Treatments can include medicine, therapy, surgery, or other approaches. A cure is when a treatment makes a health problem go away for good.

What are examples of treatment groups? ›

Just a few examples of group types include:
  • Substance abuse (Alcoholics Anonymous, etc.)
  • PTSD.
  • Grief.
  • Dealing with specific physical illnesses.
  • Anxiety.
  • Depression.
  • Bipolar disorder.
  • Caregiving.

What are 6 different ways of treatment for mental disorders? ›

Most mental health practitioners practice one of six types of psychotherapy:
  • Behavioral therapy.
  • Cognitive therapy.
  • Interpersonal therapy.
  • Psychoanalysis.
  • Psychodynamic psychotherapy.
  • Supportive psychotherapy.

What is the best form of treatment for mental health disorders? ›

Psychotherapy. Psychotherapy or talk therapy helps people explore their concerns and learn new ways of coping with difficult emotions and managing symptoms of their mental illness by working with a therapist.

What is the most common form of treatment for mental disorders? ›

Psychotherapy. Psychotherapy, also called talk therapy, involves talking about your condition and related issues with a mental health professional. During psychotherapy, you learn about your condition and your moods, feelings, thoughts and behavior.

What are the 5 basic drives in reality therapy? ›

Choice Theory, which was formulated by psychiatrist Dr. William Glasser, posits that all humans have 5 basic needs (survival, freedom, fun, power, and love/belonging) that we attempt to satisfy through our behavioral choices.

What are the 5 pillars of counseling? ›

The five bedrock principles of autonomy, justice, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and fidelity are each vital in and of themselves to a healthy counseling relationship. By exploring an ethical dilemma with regard to these principles, a counselor may come to a better understanding of the conflicting issues.

What are the 6 methods of counseling? ›

Fortunately, almost all of the many individual theoretical models of counseling fall into one or more of six major theoretical categories: humanistic, cognitive, behavioral, psychoanalytic, constructionist and systemic.

What are the 5 main goals of psychotherapy? ›

Goals of Psychotherapy
  • To know yourself better.
  • Alleviate emotional pain or confusion.
  • Assist you in developing a more complete understanding of your psychological issues.
  • Establish more effective coping mechanisms.
  • Foster a more accurate understanding of your past and what you want for your future.

What are the main beliefs of choice therapy? ›

The choice theory suggests that a person is only controlled by themselves. It also states that the idea of being controlled by external factors is ineffective for making change. This concept emerges in reality therapy, which states that behavioral choices are determined by internal control.

What is choice reality therapy? ›

Reality therapy is an approach to psychotherapy that views all behaviors as choices, which means that it doesn't consider mental health conditions. It is based on a concept called choice theory, which says that humans only have five basic needs, all of which are genetically driven and can't be changed.

What kind of therapy is reality? ›

Reality therapy is a client-centered form of cognitive-behavioral therapy that focuses on improving present relationships and circumstances, with less concern and discussion of past events.

What are the 7 principles of counseling? ›

This chapter explains the "ethical principles" that guide the helping professions: autonomy, nonmaleficence, beneficence, justice, fidelity, and veracity.

What are the 3 core values of counseling? ›

3 Core Conditions for Therapeutic Change
  • CONGRUENCE (GENUINENESS) Congruence refers to the therapist being real, authentic, and genuine with their clients. ...
20 Feb 2016

What are the 7 principles of ethical decision making? ›

In brief these are: 1) modify human practices when possible; 2) justify the need for control; 3) have clear and achievable outcome-based objectives; 4) cause the least harm to animals; 5) consider community values and scientific information; 6) include long-term systematic management; and 7) base control on the ...

What is the most common method of therapy? ›

The most common type of therapy right now may be cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). As mentioned above, CBT explores the relationship between a person’s feelings, thoughts, and behaviors. It often focuses on identifying negative thoughts and replacing them with healthier ones.

What are the 9 basic counseling skills? ›

Today we will talk about the 9 most important basic counseling skills.
  • Listening. Think about the people who you feel most heard, and understood by. ...
  • Empathy. ...
  • Genuineness. ...
  • Unconditional Positive Regard. ...
  • Concreteness. ...
  • Open Questions. ...
  • Counselor Self-Disclosure. ...
  • Interpretation.
7 Jun 2022

What are the 4 P's in counselling? ›

The four “Ps” of case formulation (predisposing, precipitating, perpetuating, and protective factors) also provide a useful framework for organizing the factors that may contribute to the development of anticipatory distress (Barker, 1988; Carr, 1999; Winters, Hanson, & Stoyanova, 2007).

What are the 3 basic tasks of the therapist? ›

We all know the essential tasks of the first session in any kind of therapy: building rapport and a sense of collaboration, assessing and diagnosing, and formulating and offering a preliminary treatment plan.

What is the most common factor of successful psychotherapy? ›

The extent to which a client experiences the therapist as empathic and genuine is thought to be an important ingredient for a strong therapeutic alliance and effective psychotherapy. Relatedly, providing clients with unconditional positive regard has been hypothesized to be a common factor in the literature.

What is the most important factor in the success of psychotherapy? ›

Previous research indicates that the therapeutic alliance is a main factor in determining successful outcomes of psychotherapy.


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